When the Secretariat Administration Department (SAD) of Government of U.P. advertised in August ,2015 for the 368 posts of peons , they got a shock.They were flooded with over 23 lac applications.The shock got intense when it was revealed that 255 among the applicants were Ph.D. ,25,000 were postgraduates,1.5 lacs were graduates,7.5 lacs were intermediate pass and 11.21 lakhs were High school pass.The rest 54,000 only were class 5 pass.This was the first advertisement for peons’ jobs in the state secretariat in ten years.
This is not the only instance of glaring unemployment in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Recently , against 1400 posts of Lekhpals in the state , 27 lakh persons appeared for the written test.This is another evidence to prove that the unemployment among the educated youth in Uttar Pradesh is very acute.
The post of a peon in the U.P. government carries a pay scale of Rs. 5200 to Rs. 20200 ,with a grade pay of Rs.1800. The Dearness allowance for Government Employees is 119% with effect from 01/07/2015. This makes the gross salary of a peon to be Rs. 5260 per month.The essential qualifications for the job ,as advertised were:
(1)The candidate should have passed class 5.
(2) Should know how to read and write in Hindi.
(3)Should be between 18-40 years of age.
(4) Must know how to ride a bicycle.
Incidentally , under the Right to Education Act ,2009 , every student who enters class one will automatically pass till class eight. So, marks secured in school examination in class five have no relevance.The state government had incidentally asked the candidates to submit applications on-line.
While it remains to be seen what way the U.P. government finds to recruit “on merit” 368 peons out of 23 lacs applicants, the situation has raised many questions.:
1.Why is there such a large scale unemployment in U.P. ?What changes are needed in our policies of creating employment? Why candidates with Ph.D. and postgraduate degrees have applied for unskilled jobs , the minimum qualifications for which is class 5 pass?
2.Is our education providing skilled labour force? What changes are needed in out education system? Do we have similar level of unemployment in labour market of skilled jobs? Is our system generating adequate number of jobs requiring skills?
3.What is the ideal system of recruitment for unskilled posts of peons?
4 .Who is best suited for the post of a peon , a class 5 pass or a Ph.D?
5.Was it right to ask for online applications from class 5 pass persons?( The best way to recruit peons is to re-advertise , and to stipulate clearly that only people with class 5 education will be considered , and any person having qualifications higher than class 5 will not be considered).
While one may try to explain this development away by saying that the government jobs hold special attraction for youth because of better pay and better job security in the government at junior levels than the private sector , this cannot explain the unprecedented rush for these jobs.It certainly indicates chronic unemployment in UP . Successive governments, both at the centre and in the state , have not paid any attention to the problems being faced by the youth , especially in lower middle classes.
The grinding” factories” of universities, colleges and institutes of technology keep on churning out thousands of Ph.D’s , postgraduates , engineers and other graduates , without imparting the skills needed for employment or employability. Skill Development Missions at state level have tried to impart training in skills to the youth , but it has not been able to meet the challenge of unemployment. The private sector requiring persons with skills , is not getting such persons ,because the products of most of universities are un-employable.
The problem of ever increasing unemployment is a great challenge to the state government of U.P.
The 66th round of the National Sample Survey Organisation report projected that by the end of the 12th Five year Plan(2012-17), the number of unemployed youth in the age group 15-35 in U.P. will be about 1.32 crores.
“This youth needs good skills, training, meaningful and decent job opportunities, before they become the cause of social unrest and crime. This requires a public policy and its implementation which has a thrust on finding a solution to problem of unemployment. Mere rhetoric, road shows, posters, hoardings and promises cannot meet this gigantic challenge”.
Author: Shri Vidyanand Garg, a Retd IAS officer with 30+ years of experience is presently with CMS Schools (Policy & Operations). He has been working as a civil servant in India since 1980 and has worked in senior administrative positions in the state of UP, India in the fields of housing, infrastructure, forests, information technology, and industrial development. He has held portfolios like Chairman, UP Forest Corporation , Infrastructure and Industrial Development Commissioner, Chairman- UP Finance Corporation, Principal Secy- IT, Housing Commissioner-UP to name a few.
IndianBureaucracy.com hopes and prays that people who matter take this seriously before it collates into a serious issue . Departments of Skill Development and alternate employment should be put on an overdrive and most of all , pls stop giving licences to education institutions which are producing students in “thouk ke rate se” .