MoRTH | Status on Fatal Road Accidents on Highways

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Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

As per data available, the total number of road accidents, persons killed and injured in the country during the last three calendar years 2018 to 2020 are given in the following table:-

 

Year Total 

Number of 

Road 

Accidents

% Increase/ Decrease Total Number of Persons 

Killed

% Increase/ Decrease Total Number of Persons 

Injured

% Increase/ Decrease
2018 467044 151417 469418
2019 449002 -3.86 151113 -0.2 451361 -3.85
2020 366138 -18.46 131714 -12.84 348279 -22.84

 

As may be seen from the above table, there is a decreasing trend in the number of road accidents, persons killed and injured during the last 3 years.

 

Also, as per data available, State/UT – wise information on total number of road accidents, persons killed and injured on all roads in the country during the last three calendar years 2018 to 2020 is enclosed at Annexure I.

The Ministry has formulated a multi-pronged strategy to address the issue of road safety based on Education, Engineering (both of roads and vehicles), Enforcement and Emergency Care. Accordingly, various initiatives have been taken by the Ministry as detailed below:-

 

  1. Education:
  1. To create effective public awareness about road safety, Ministry undertakes various publicity measures and awareness campaigns on road safety through social media, electronic media, and print media. Further, Ministry implements a road safety advocacy scheme to provide financial assistance to various agencies for administering Road Safety Advocacy.
  2. Observance of National Road Safety Month/Week every year for spreading awareness and strengthening road safety.
  3. A Certification Course for Road Safety Auditors has been commenced in Indian Academy of Highway Engineers (IAHE).

 

  1. Engineering (both of Roads and vehicles)

•   Road engineering:

  1. High priority to identification and rectification of black spots (accident prone spots) on national highways.
  2. Road safety has been made an integral part of road design at planning stage. Road Safety Audit of all highway projects has been made mandatory at all stages i.e. design, construction, operation and maintenance.
  3. Ministry has delegated powers to Regional Officers for technical approval to the detailed estimates for rectification of identified Road Accident black spots.
  4. Guidelines for pedestrian facilities on National Highways for persons with disabilities have also been issued to all States / UTs.
  5. The electronic Detailed Accident Report (e-DAR) Project has been initiated to establish to a central repository for reporting, management and analysis of road accidents data across the India.

 

•   Vehicle engineering:

  1. Safety standards for automobiles have been improved in respect of Airbags, AntiBreaking System (ABS), Tyres, Crash test, Speed Limiting devices, comply with fire Alarm and protection system etc.
  2. Scheme for setting up one model Inspection & Certification Centre in each State/UT with Central assistance for testing the fitness of vehicles through an automated system.
  3. This Ministry, vide notification dated 15th February, 2022 has prescribed norms related to safety measures for children below four years of age, riding or being carried on a motor cycle. Further, it specifies use of a safety harness, crash helmet and restricts speed to 40kmph.

 

  1. Enforcement:
    1. The motor vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 provides for strict penalties for ensuring strict compliance and enhancing deterrence for violation of traffic rules and strict enforcement through use of technology.
    2. Issue of Guidelines for protection of Good Samaritans and draft rules as per MV (Amendment) Act, 2019 has been published.

 

  1. Emergency care:
    1. The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 provides for a scheme for the cashless treatment of victims of the accident during the golden hour.
    2. The National Highways Authority of India has made provisions for ambulances with paramedical staff/Emergency Medical Technician/Nurse at toll plazas on the completed corridor of National Highways.
    3. Ministry has implemented a Scheme for grant of Award to the Good Samaritan who has saved life of a victim of a fatal accident involving a motor vehicle by administering immediate assistance and rushing to Hospital/Trauma Care Centre within the Golden Hour of the accident to provide medical treatment.

 

Enabling provisions relating to payment of compensation to victims of road accidents have been given in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 under section 161 (Special provisions as to compensation in case of hit and run motor accident), section 163 (Scheme for payment of compensation in case of hit and run motor accidents) and section 163A (Special provisions as to payment of compensation on structured formula basis). Further, Ministry has issued notification dated 25 Feb 2022 mandating the procedure for detailed investigation of road accidents, the Detailed Accident Report (DAR) and its reporting, along with timelines for different stakeholders, for quick settlements of claims by the Motor Accident Claim Tribunal (MACT). Claims are filed at Motor Accident Claims Tribunals at State Level. No centralized details with respect to compensation paid and number of victims pending for compensation is available with the Ministry.

 

This information was given by the Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Shri Nitin Gadkari in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha.

 

 

MJPS

 

ANNEXURE – I ___________________________________________________________________________

ANNEXURE REGARDING FATAL ROAD ACCIDENTS ON HIGHWAYS.

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Total Number of road accidents, persons Killed and injured in Road Accidents in India: 2018 to 2020 State/UT – wise.

Sl.

No.

States/UTs State/UT-Wise Total Number of   Road

Accidents during

State/UT-Wise Total Number of Persons killed in Road Accidents during State/UT-Wise          Total

Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents during

2018 2019 2020 2018 2019 2020 2018 2019 2020
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
1 Andhra Pradesh 24475 21992 19509 7556 7984 7039 23456 24619 19675
2 Arunachal Pradesh 277 237 134 175 127 73 323 309 185
3 Assam 8248 8350 6595 2966 3208 2629 7375 7473 5269
4 Bihar 9600 10007 8639 6729 7205 6699 6679 7206 7016
5 Chhattisgarh 13864 13899 11656 4592 5003 4606 12715 13090 10505
6 Goa 3709 3440 2375 262 297 223 1549 1448 880
7 Gujarat 18769 17046 13398 7996 7390 6170 17467 16258 12002
8 Haryana 11238 10944 9431 5118 5057 4507 10020 9362 7659
9 Himachal Pradesh 3110 2873 2239 1208 1146 893 5551 4904 3223
10 Jammu & Kashmir 5978 5796 4860 984 996 728 7845 7532 5894
11 Jharkhand 5394 5217 4405 3542 3801 3044 3975 3818 3295
12 Karnataka 41707 40658 34178 10990 10958 9760 51562 50447 39492
13 Kerala 40181 41111 27877 4303 4440 2979 45458 46055 30510
14 Madhya Pradesh 51397 50669 45266 10706 11249 11141 54662 52816 46456
15 Maharashtra 35717 32925 24971 13261 12788 11569 31365 28628 19914
16 Manipur 601 672 432 134 156 127 1042 1055 663
17 Meghalaya 399 482 214 182 179 144 205 222 220
18 Mizoram 53 62 53 45 48 42 80 56 68
19 Nagaland 430 358 500 39 26 53 335 246 286
20 Odisha 11262 11064 9817 5315 5333 4738 11794 11177 8822
21 Punjab 6428 6348 5203 4740 4525 3898 3384 3812 2904
22 Rajasthan 21743 23480 19114 10320 10563 9250 21547 22979 16769
23 Sikkim 180 162 138 85 73 47 370 318 218
24 Tamil Nadu 63920 57228 45484 12216 10525 8059 74537 67137 50551
25 Telangana 22230 21570 19172 6603 6964 6882 23613 21999 18661
26 Tripura 552 655 466 213 239 192 741 816 470
27 Uttarakhand 1468 1352 1041 1047 867 674 1571 1457 854
28 Uttar Pradesh 42568 42572 34243 22256 22655 19149 29664 28932 22410
29 West Bengal 12705 10158 9180 5711 5500 4927 11997 9757 8314
30 Andaman & Nicobar 254 230 141 19 20 14 260 207 145
31 Chandigarh 316 305 159 98 104 53 300 275 148
32 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 80 68 100 54 49 64 66 105 119
33 Daman & Diu 76 69 35 28 94 74
34 Delhi 6515 5610 4178 1690 1463 1196 6086 5152 3662
35 Lakshadweep 3 1 1 1 0 0 3 1 1
36 Puducherry 1597 1392 969 226 147 145 1727 1619 1019
Total 467044  449002 366138 151417 151113 131714 469418 451361 348279

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