Ministry of Shipping | Promoting Inland Waterways in India

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PIB News Update: To promote inland water transport in the country as an economical, environment friendly supplementary mode of transport to rail and road, 111 inland waterways (including 5 National Waterways declared earlier) were declared as ‘National Waterways’ under the National Waterways Act, 2016.   The list of these National Waterways including inter-State NWs, State wise, is at Annexure-1.   Out of these, 25 NWs are inter-state NWs. Their list is at Annexure-2.

The details of projects initiated on National Waterways by the Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) are as under:

(i) National Waterway (NW)-1 (Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system from Allahabad to Haldia) in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand & West Bengal; NW-2 (River Brahmaputra from Dhubri to Sadiya) in Assam; NW-3 (West Coast Canal from Kottapuram to Kollam along with Udyogmandal and Champakara Canals) in Kerala, have already been developed with fairway navigational aids, jetties and terminals with mechanized equipment handling facilities for loading and unloading of cargo.  These NWs are operational and vessels are plying on them.  In addition, NW-10 (river Amba), NW-68 (river Mandovi), NW-73 (river Narmada), NW-83 (Rajpuri Creek), NW-85 (Revadanda Creek – Kundalika River System), NW-91 (Shastri river–Jaigad creek system), NW- 97 (Sunderbans Waterways), NW-100 (river Tapi) and NW-111 (river Zuari) are also operational.

At present, cargo volume of 72.31 million tonnes per annum is being transported on the above operational NWs.

(ii) Government has taken up implementation of the Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) at an estimated cost of Rs. 5369.18 crore for capacity augmentation of navigation on National Waterway-1 (NW-1) on the Haldia – Varanasi stretch of Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly River System with the technical and financial assistance of the World Bank.  The salient features of the project are development of various infrastructure like construction of multimodal terminals at Varanasi, Sahibganj & Haldia,  Ro-Ro terminals, navigational lock at Farakka, channel marking systems, integrated vessel repair & maintenance facilities, automated information techniques of Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) and River Information System (RIS), day and night navigation aids, slipways, bunkering facilities, river training and river conservancy works.  Projects worth Rs. 1800 crore (approx.) have commenced on ground in a time period of three years after statutory clearances.

(iii) Fairway development works in Vijayawada – Muktyala stretch of river Krishna in Andhra Pradesh (Part of NW-4) under Phase-I has been completed.   Fabrication of four floating pontoons and land acquisition for fixed terminals (4 nos.) at Ibrahimpatnam, Harischandrapuram, Muktyala and Madipadu has been taken up.

(iv) Feasibility studies have been completed for 106 new NWs and based on the outcome of feasibility studies and Detailed Project Reports (DPRs), 20 new NWs have been found technically feasible for development of shipping and navigation in addition to 5 existing NWs by the IWAI.  Details of development activities initiated on 10 viable new NWs, State-wise, are detailed at Annexure.-3.

The details of expenditure by IWAI on development of NWs in the last 5 years are given below:

 (Rs. in crore)

Year Expenditure as Grants – in Aid (GBS)/Extra Budgetary Resources (EBR)
2015-16 321.91
2016-17 362.31

+

340.00 (EBR)

2017-18 426.0914

+

660.00 (EBR)

2018-19 862.49
2019-20 526.80

This information was given by the Minister of State for Shipping(I/C)Shri Mansukh Mandaviyain the Lok Sabha today in a written reply.

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YB/AP

                                               

Annexure-1

List of 111 National Waterways

(Government of India has declared 111 waterways as National Waterways through National Waterways Act, 2016 enacted on 12.04.2016).

Sl.

No.

National Waterway No. Length (km) Details of Waterways STATES
1 National Waterway 1 1620 Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly River System (Haldia – Allahabad) Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand & West Bengal
2 National Waterway 2 891 Brahmaputra River (Dhubri – Sadiya) Assam
3 National Waterway 3 205 West Coast Canal (Kottapuram – Kollam), Champakara and Udyogmandal Canals Kerala
170 West Coast Canal (Kottapuram – Kozhikode)
4 National Waterway 4 50 Kakinada Canal (Kakinada to Rajahmundry) Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Pondichery and Maharashtra
171 Godavari river (Bhadrachalam to Rajahmundry)
139 Eluru Canal (Rajahmundry to Vijayawada)
157 Krishna river (Wazirabad to Vijayawada)
113 Commamur Canal (Vijayawada to Peddaganjam)
316 North Buckingham Canal (Peddaganjam to Central Station of Chennai)
110 South Buckingham canal (Central Station of Chennai to Marakanam)
22 Marakanam to Puducherry through Kaluvelly tank
1202 River Godavari (Bhadrachalam – Nashik)
636 River Krishna (Wazirabad – Galagali)
5 National Waterway 5 256 East Coast Canal and Matai river Odisha and West Bengal
265 Brahmani-Kharsua-Dhamra rivers
67 Mahanadi delta rivers (Consisting of Hansua river, Nunanala, Gobrinala, Kharnasi river and Mahanadi river)
6 National Waterway 6 68 Aai River Assam
7 National Waterway 7 90 Ajoy (Ajay) River West Bengal
8 National Waterway 8 29 Alappuzha- Changanassery Canal Kerala
9 National Waterway 9 40 Alappuzha- Kottayam – Athirampuzha Canal Kerala
Alternate route: 11.5km
10 National Waterway 10 45 Amba River Maharashtra
11 National Waterway 11 99 Arunawati – Aran River System Maharashtra
12 National Waterway 12 5.5 Asi River Uttar Pradesh
13 National Waterway 13 11 Avm Canal Kerala & Tamil Nadu
14 National Waterway 14 48 Baitarni River Odisha
15 National Waterway 15 135 Bakreswar – Mayurakshi River System West Bengal
16 National Waterway 16 121 Barak River Assam
17 National Waterway 17 189 Beas River Himachal Pradesh & Punjab
18 National Waterway 18 69 Beki River Assam
19 National Waterway 19 67 Betwa River Uttar Pradesh
20 National Waterway 20 95 Bhavani River Tamil Nadu
21 National Waterway 21 139 Bheema River Karnataka & Telangana
22 National Waterway 22 156 Birupa – BadiGenguti – Brahmani River System Odisha
23 National Waterway 23 56 BudhaBalanga Odisha
24 National Waterway 24 61 Chambal River Uttar Pradesh
25 National Waterway 25 33 Chapora River Goa
26 National Waterway 26 51 Chenab River Jammu & Kashmir
27 National Waterway 27 17 Cumberjua River Goa
28 National Waterway 28 45 Dabhol Creek -Vashishti River System Maharashtra
29 National Waterway 29 132 Damodar River West Bengal
30 National Waterway 30 109 Dehing River Assam
31 National Waterway 31 114 Dhansiri / Chathe Assam
32 National Waterway 32 63 Dikhu River Assam
33 National Waterway 33 61 Doyans River Assam
34 National Waterway 34 137 Dvc Canal West Bengal
35 National Waterway 35 108 Dwarekeswar River West Bengal
36 National Waterway 36 119 Dwarka River West Bengal
37 National Waterway 37 296 Gandak River Bihar & Uttar Pradesh
38 National Waterway 38 62 Gangadhar River Assam & West Bengal
39 National Waterway 39 49 Ganol River Meghalaya
40 National Waterway 40 354 Ghaghra River Bihar & Uttar Pradesh
41 National Waterway 41 112 Ghataprabha River Karnataka
42 National Waterway 42 514 Gomti River Uttar Pradesh
43 National Waterway 43 10 Gurupur River Karnataka
44 National Waterway 44 63 Ichamati River West Bengal
45 National Waterway 45 650 Indira Gandhi Canal Punjab , Haryana &Rajashtan
46 National Waterway 46 35 Indus River Jammu & Kashmir
47 National Waterway 47 131 Jalangi River West Bengal
48 National Waterway 48 590 Jawai-Luni-Rann Of Kutch River System Gujarat & Rajasthan
49 National Waterway 49 110 Jhelum River Jammu & Kashmir
50 National Waterway 50 43 Jinjiram River Assam & Meghalaya
51 National Waterway 51 23 Kabini River Karnataka
52 National Waterway 52 53 Kali River Karnataka
53 National Waterway 53 145 Kalyan-Thane-Mumbai Waterway, Vasai Creek And Ulhas River System Maharashtra
54 National Waterway 54 86 Karamnasa River Bihar & Uttar Pradesh
55 National Waterway 55 311 Kaveri – Kollidam River System Tamil Nadu
56 National Waterway 56 22 Kherkai River Jharkhand
57 National Waterway 57 50 Kopili River Assam
58 National Waterway 58 236 Kosi River Bihar
59 National Waterway 59 19 Kottayam-Vaikom Canal Kerala
60 National Waterway 60 80 Kumari River West Bengal
61 National Waterway 61 28 Kynshi River Meghalaya
62 National Waterway 62 86 Lohit River Assam & Arunachal Pradesh
63 National Waterway 63 336 Luni River Rajasthan
64 National Waterway 64 426 Mahanadi River Odisha
65 National Waterway 65 80 Mahananda River West Bengal
66 National Waterway 66 247 Mahi River Gujarat
67 National Waterway 67 94 Malaprabha River Karnataka
68 National Waterway 68 41 Mandovi River Goa
69 National Waterway 69 5 Manimutharu River Tamil Nadu
70 National Waterway 70 245 Manjara River Maharashtra & Telangana
71 National Waterway 71 27 Mapusa / Moide River Goa
72 National Waterway 72 59 Nag River Maharashtra
73 National Waterway 73 226 Narmada River Maharashtra & Gujarat
74 National Waterway 74 79 Netravathi River Karnataka
75 National Waterway 75 142 Palar River Tamil Nadu
76 National Waterway 76 23 Panchagangavali (Panchagangoli) River Karnataka
77 National Waterway 77 20 Pazhyar River Tamil Nadu
78 National Waterway 78 262 Penganaga – Wardha River System Maharashtra & Telangana
79 National Waterway 79 28 Pennar River Andhra Pradesh
80 National Waterway 80 126 Ponniyar River Tamil Nadu
81 National Waterway 81 35 Punpun River Bihar
82 National Waterway 82 58 Puthimari River Assam
83 National Waterway 83 31 Rajpuri Creek Maharashtra
84 National Waterway 84 44 Ravi River Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh & Punjab
85 National Waterway 85 31 Revadanda Creek – Kundalika River System Maharashtra
86 National Waterway 86 72 Rupnarayan River West Bengal
87 National Waterway 87 210 Sabarmati River Gujarat
88 National Waterway 88 14 Sal River Goa
89 National Waterway 89 45 Savitri River (Bankot Creek) Maharashtra
90 National Waterway 90 29 Sharavati River Karnataka
91 National Waterway 91 52 Shastri River – Jaigad Creek System Maharashtra
92 National Waterway 92 26 Silabati River West Bengal
93 National Waterway 93 63 Simsang River Meghalaya
94 National Waterway 94 141 Sone River Bihar
95 National Waterway 95 106 Subansiri River Assam
96 National Waterway 96 311 Subarnrekha River Jharkhand, West Bengal & Odisha
97 National Waterway 97 172 Sunderbans Waterway West Bengal
56 Bidya River West Bengal
15 ChhotaKalagachi (ChhotoKalergachi) River West Bengal
7 Gomar River West Bengal
16 Haribhanga River West Bengal
37 Hogla (Hogal)-Pathankhali River West Bengal
9 Kalindi (Kalandi) River West Bengal
22 Katakhali River West Bengal
99 Matla River West Bengal
28 Muri Ganga (Baratala) River West Bengal
53 Raimangal River West Bengal
14 Sahibkhali (Sahebkhali) River West Bengal
37 Saptamukhi River West Bengal
64 Thakurran River West Bengal
98 National Waterway 98 377 Sutlej River Himachal Pradesh & Punjab
99 National Waterway 99 62 Tamaraparani River Tamil Nadu
100 National Waterway 100 436 Tapi River Maharashtra & Gujarat
101 National Waterway 101 42 Tizu – Zungki Rivers Nagaland
102 National Waterway 102 87 Tlwang (Dhaleswari River) Assam & Mizoram
103 National Waterway 103 73 Tons River Uttar Pradesh
104 National Waterway 104 232 Tungabhadra River Karnataka, Telangana & Andhra Pradesh
105 National Waterway 105 15 Udayavara River Karnataka
106 National Waterway 106 20 Umngot (Dawki) River Meghalaya
107 National Waterway 107 46 Vaigai River Tamil Nadu
108 National Waterway 108 53 Varuna River Uttar Pradesh
109 National Waterway109 166 Wainganga – Pranahita

River System

Maharashtra &Telangana
110 National Waterway 110 1080 Yamuna River Delhi, Haryana & Uttar Pradesh
111 National Waterway 111 50 Zuari River Goa
         Total Length 20162.5    

Annexure-2

List of Inter-state National Waterways

Sl. No. National Waterway No. Length (km) Details of Waterways STATES
1 National Waterway-1 1620 Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly River System (Haldia – Allahabad) Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand & West Bengal
2 National Waterway-4 50 Kakinada Canal (Kakinada to Rajahmundry) Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Pondichery and Maharashtra
171 Godavari river (Bhadrachalam to Rajahmundry)
139 Eluru Canal (Rajahmundry to Vijayawada)
157 Krishna river (Wazirabad to Vijayawada)
113 Commamur Canal (Vijayawada to Peddaganjam)
316 North Buckingham Canal (Peddaganjam to Central Station of Chennai)
110 South Buckingham canal (Central Station of Chennai to Marakanam)
22 Marakanam to Puducherry through Kaluvelly tank
1202 River Godavari (Bhadrachalam – Nashik)
636 River Krishna (Wazirabad – Galagali)
3 National Waterway-5 256 East Coast Canal and Matai river Odisha and West Bengal
265 Brahmani-Kharsua-Dhamra rivers
67 Mahanadi delta rivers (Consisting of Hansua river, Nunanala, Gobrinala, Kharnasi river and Mahanadi river)
4 National Waterway-13 11 Avm Canal Kerala & Tamil Nadu
5 National Waterway-17 189 Beas River Himachal Pradesh & Punjab
6 National Waterway-21 139 Bheema River Karnataka & Telangana
7 National Waterway-37 296 Gandak River Bihar & Uttar Pradesh
8 National Waterway-38 62 Gangadhar River Assam & West Bengal
9 National Waterway-40 354 Ghaghra River Bihar & Uttar Pradesh
10 National Waterway-45 650 Indira Gandhi Canal Punjab , Haryana &Rajashtan
11 National Waterway-48 590 Jawai-Luni-Rann of Kutch River System Gujarat & Rajasthan
12 National Waterway-50 43 Jinjiram River Assam & Meghalaya
13 National Waterway-54 86 Karamnasa River Bihar & Uttar Pradesh
14 National Waterway-62 86 Lohit River Assam & Arunachal Pradesh
15 National Waterway-70 245 Manjara River Maharashtra & Telangana
16 National Waterway-73 226 Narmada River Maharashtra & Gujarat
17 National Waterway-78 262 Penganaga – Wardha River System Maharashtra & Telangana
18 National Waterway-84 44 Ravi River Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh & Punjab
19 National Waterway-96 311 Subarnrekha River Jharkhand, West Bengal & Odisha
20 National Waterway-98 377 Sutlej River Himachal Pradesh & Punjab
21 National Waterway-100 436 Tapi River Maharashtra & Gujarat
22 National Waterway-102 87 Tlwang (Dhaleswari River) Assam & Mizoram
23 National Waterway-104 232 Tungabhadra River Karnataka, Telangana & Andhra Pradesh
24 National Waterway-109 166 Wainganga – Pranahita

River System

Maharashtra &Telangana
25 National Waterway-110 1080 Yamuna River Delhi, Haryana & Uttar Pradesh

Annexure-3.

List of 10 new National Waterways on which development activities have been initiated.

Name of the Waterway and States Status
1.River Barak (NW-16) in Assam Development at a cost of Rs. 76.01 crore for Phase-1 of NW-16 from Silchar to Bhanga has commenced. This includes maintenance dredging, upgradation of terminals at Badarpur and Karimganj. Waterway is operational with limited infrastructure facility.
2.River Gandak (NW-37) in Bihar Initial development process has been completed as per requirement. Further development process will be synchronized with cargo demand.
Waterways in Goa

3. NW-27-Cumberjua

4. NW-68 – Mandovi

5. NW-111 – Zuari

Work is proposed to be executed through Government of Goa with the assistance of Mormugao Port Trust.  A Tripartite MoU has been signed for the commencement of works.  Development of NWs in Goa at an estimated cost of Rs. 22.65 crore has commenced. NWs of Goa are operational.

 

Installation of 3 nos. floating Jetties amounting to Rs.11.33 crore on river Mandovi and one no. on river Chapora on EPC basis in progress.

6. Alappuzha – Kottayam – Athirampuzha Canal (NW-9) in Kerala Dredging is proposed departmentally. Waterway is already operational for ferry services. Maintenance scheme for development at a cost of Rs. 0.82 crore was approved in May, 2019 for execution during 2019-20. Night navigation facilities have been installed.
7. River Rupnarayan (NW-86) in West Bengal Development of the waterway at an estimated cost of Rs. 24.00 crore has commenced. Work has been awarded for setting up of floating terminal. Waterway is operational.
8.Sunderbans Waterways (NW-97) in West Bengal Development of waterway at an estimated cost of Rs. 18.10 crore has commenced. The infrastructure at Hemnagar is being upgrated to handle Cargo/Passenger or Customs/Immigration requirements. Waterway is part of Indo-Bangladesh Protocol route and already operational for vessels.
9. River Kosi (NW-58) in Bihar Development process will be synchronized with cargo demand.
10. River Ghagra (NW-40) in Uttar Pradesh Development process will be synchronized with cargo demand.

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