The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey has informed that In absolute numbers, India accounts for 27 percent of World TB Cases in 2017 as per the WHO’s Global TB Report 2018. However, in terms of incidence of TB i.e., number of cases per lakh population, India ranks 35th in the world.
The State/ UT wise number of TB patients’ notification for the last three years is given below:
Statewise Total Notification
|8||Dadra Nagar Haveli||552||963||849|
|9||Daman & Diu||487||457||499|
|15||Jammu & Kashmir||9937||10476||12881|
There is no such classification of high risk states under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP).
As per the program guideline, review meetings are done on a periodic basis at National, State and District level.
During the review meetings, the performance of the States is analyzed under various thematic areas including Drug Sensitive Tuberculosis (DSTB) services, Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (DRTB) services (diagnostic and treatment), TB Co-morbidities, Infrastructure, Human Resource, Finance, Drugs & Supply chain management, Medical colleges’ contribution, Supervision & monitoring.
Government of India has conducted regional review from November 2018 to May 2019 covering all the States/UTs
As a result, total TB cases reported under RNTCP has increased by 12% to 12.02 Lakhs during Jan to June 2019, as compared to 10.70 Lakhs during Jan to June 2018.
The Ministry has developed the National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (2017-2025) with the goal of ending TB by 2025.
The key focus areas are:
- Early diagnosis of all the TB patients, prompt treatment with quality assured drugs and treatment regimens along with suitable patient support systems to promote adherence.
- Engaging with the patients seeking care in the private sector.
- Prevention strategies including active case finding and contact tracing in high risk / vulnerable population
- Airborne infection control.
- Multi-sectoral response for addressing social determinants.
Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY), a DBT scheme for nutritional support, was introduced in April 2018 by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW), Government of India under the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP). It provides support worth Rs 500/- per month for the duration of treatment to TB patients.
As on 23.07.2019, Rs. 377.25 Crore have been paid to 24.46 lakhs beneficiaries through DBT since 1st April 2018
The Government of India has taken following steps:
•Communication campaign aimed at raising levels of awareness, reduction of stigma among community both through mass and mid media.
•Strategies like active case finding and contact tracing to create awareness and early diagnosis.
•Early diagnosis of all the TB patients, prompt treatment with quality assured drugs and treatment regimens along with suitable patient support systems to promote adherence.
•Engaging with the patients seeking care in the private sector.
•Multi-sectoral response for addressing social determinants.