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MoD | Status on Defence Production

Defence Production

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh has informed that Ordnance Factories and Defence Public Sector Undertakings have played a huge role in making our country a defence production hub.  There are 41 Ordnance Factories and 9 DPSUs in our country contributing to more than Rs.58,000 crores approx. in defence production every year.  Government provides support to Defence Public Sector Undertakings and Ordnance Factories to expand their activities. As a result of these efforts, the Defence Public Sector Undertakings have achieved the turnover of Rs.45,776 crores in 2018-19 which is the highest ever by the Defence PSUs. Four Defence PSUs, viz. Hindustan Aeronautical Ltd. (HAL), Bharat Electronics Ltd. (BEL), Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd. (MDL) and Bharat Earth Movers Ltd. (BEML) have recorded their highest turnover during the year 2018-19.

As a part of Prime Minister’s Agenda for public sector enterprises, the Defence PSUs have been given a target to achieve 25% of their turnover through exports by 2022-23. Further, they have also been targeted to indigenize Rs.15,000 crores worth goods by 2022-23. Each defence PSU is in the process of developing to projects relating to Artificial Intelligence.

Several steps have also been taken to strengthen Ordnance Factory Board. These include:

  • Approval, in principle, has been granted for 15 proposals of Rs.861 crores for capital upgradation and modernization of Ordnance Factories during 2018-19.
  • OFB Procurement Manual has been revised during 2018-19 to streamline the procurement of store items in OFB. Export division under Member, OFB has been started to promote greater exports from OFB and enhanced delegation of powers given to Member (Exports) of OFB.
  • 494 workers of Ordnance Factory, Avadi are being re-skilled for employment in new trades.

In pursuance of ‘Make in India’ initiative of the Government, following measures have been taken to achieve substantive self-reliance in defence production: –

  • Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) has been revised in 2016 wherein specific provisions have been introduced for stimulating growth of the domestic defence industry.
  • A new category of procurement ‘Buy {Indian-IDDM (Indigenously Designed, Developed and Manufactured)}’ has been introduced in DPP-2016 to promote indigenous design and development of defence equipment. It has been accorded top most priority for procurement of capital equipment. Besides this, preference has been accorded to ‘Buy (Indian)’, ‘Buy and Make (Indian)’ & ‘Make’ categories of capital acquisition over ‘Buy (Global)’ & ‘Buy & Make (Global)’ categories.
  • Government has notified the ‘Strategic Partnership (SP)’ Model which envisages establishment of long-term strategic partnerships with Indian entities through a transparent and competitive process, wherein they would tie up with global Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) to seek technology transfers to set up domestic manufacturing infrastructure and supply chains.
  • The ‘Make’ Procedure has been simplified with provisions for funding of 90% of development cost by the Government to Indian industry and reserving projects not exceeding development cost of Rs.10 crore (Government funded) and Rs.3 crore (Industry funded) for MSMEs.
  • Separate procedure for ‘Make-II’ sub-category has been notified wherein a number of industry friendly provisions such as relaxation of eligibility criterion, minimal documentation, provision for considering proposals suggested by industry/individual etc., have been introduced. Till date, 36 proposals for development by industry have been given ‘in-principle’ approval under Make-II. List of Proposals are as given below.

Status of Projects which have been accorded AIP

Sr No. SHQ Name of Project
Air Force Chaff & flares
Air Force Infrared Imaging Search & Track System (IRST)
Air Force Advanced Self Protection Jammer (ASPJ) Pods and Radar Warning Receiver
Air Force Foldable Fiberglass Mat (FFM) for Rapid Runway Repair
Air Force Aerial Fuse for Bomb
Air Force 125 kg bomb (akin to MK-81 bomb) – Suo Moto
Air Force 70 mm Air to Ground Rockets
Air Force Long Range Air to Air BVR Missile
Air Force On Board Oxygen Generation System (OBOGS) for fighter aircraft
Air Force Wing Drop tanks for Mirage 2000 aircraft.
Air Force Inflatable Decoy
Army 125mm APFSDS for T-72 & T-90 Tank
Army Assault Track Way- Cl 24
Army MEAT (Maneuverable Expendable Aerial Target)
Army Night Fighting Control System for AGS-30 – Suo Moto
Army 155 MM Terminally Guided Munition (TGM)
Army 120mm Extended Range (ER) Guided Mortar Ammunition
Army Augmented reality (AR) based head Mounted display system
Army Fuel Cell Based Battery Charger
Army Rectifier Cum Accumulator for A Vehicles
Army 3rd Generation ATGM System – Suo Moto
Army Pre-fragmented programmable proximity fuzed ammunition
Army RPAS Simulator – Suo Moto
Army GPS/GIS based Minefield Recording System
Army Multi Role Precision Kill System– Suo Moto
Army Auxiliary Power Unit
Army BMP-2/2K Upgrade – Suo Moto
Navy Effectors for Anti-Torpedo Countermeasure System
Navy Deep Sea Side Scan Sonar Towing Winch
Navy Upper Air sounding system (UASS)
Navy Proximity, DA and Graze fuse for 76/62 SRGM with universal capability for 76-127mm Ammn.
Navy Chaff Payloads for Kavach Rockets LRCR (Long Range Chaff Rockets), MRCR (Medium Range Chaff Rockets)
Navy Digital Beam forming based Satellite TV
Navy Three phase inverters
Navy Expendable Underwater Target
Navy High Speed Low Flying Target

 

  • Government has decided to establish two defence industrial corridors to serve as an engine of economic development and growth of defence industrial base in the country. These are spanning across Chennai, Hosur, Coimbatore, Salem and Tiruchirappalli in Tamil Nadu and spanning across Aligarh, Agra, Jhansi, Kanpur, Chitrakoot and Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh (UP).
  • An innovation ecosystem for Defence titled Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) has been launched in April 2018. iDEX is aimed at creation of an ecosystem to foster innovation and technology development in Defence and Aerospace by engaging Industries including MSMEs, Start-ups, Individual Innovators, R&D institutes and Academia and provide them grants/funding and other support to carry out R&D which has potential for future adoption for Indian defence and aerospace needs.
  • The Ministry has instituted a new framework titled ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’ which aims to provide boost to the IPR culture in indigenous defence industry.
  • Government has notified a Policy for indigenisation of components and spares used in Defence Platforms in March 2019 with the objective to create an industry ecosystem which is able to indigenize the imported components (including alloys & special materials) and sub-assemblies for defence equipment and platform manufactured in India
  • Defence Investor Cell has been created in the Ministry to provide all necessary information including addressing queries related to investment opportunities, procedures and regulatory requirements for investment in the sector.
  • FDI Policy has been revised and under the revised policy, FDI is allowed under automatic route upto 49% and beyond 49% through Government route wherever it is likely to result in access to modern technology or for other reasons to be recorded.
  • The Defence Products List for the purpose of issuing Industrial Licenses (ILs) under IDR Act has been revised and most of the components, parts, sub-systems, testing equipment and production equipment have been removed from the list, so as to reduce the entry barriers for the industry, particularly small & medium segment.  The initial validity of the Industrial Licence granted under the IDR Act has been increased from 03 years to 15 years with a provision to further extend it by 03 years on a case-to-case basis. So far, Government has issued 439 licenses covering 264 companies till March 2019. Industrial Licenses are issued for manufacturing of tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles, defence aircraft, space craft and parts thereof, warship, arms and ammunition and allied items of defence equipment, parts and accessories thereof. In addition, for a large number of defence components, no license is required. There are more than 8000 MSMEs which are among the vendor base of OFB & Defence PSUs supplying various items to them.
  • The process for export clearance has been streamlined and made transparent & online.
  • Offset guidelines have been made flexible by allowing change of Indian Offset Partners (IOPs) and offset components, even in signed contracts.  Foreign Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) are now not required to indicate the details of IOPs and products at the time of signing of contracts. ‘Services’ as an avenue of offset have been re-instated.
  • Government has set up the Technology Development Fund (TDF) to encourage participation of public/private industries especially MSMEs, through provision of grants, so as to create an eco–system for enhancing cutting edge technology capability for defence applications.

Export of military equipment and services to any foreign country depends on their specific requirement at that particular time and is done after taking the concurrence of the Armed Forces and other stakeholders. There are different channels utilised for promoting exports to friendly foreign countries.

A single point of contact between India and US has been identified on both sides to promote Defence trade.  Defence exports are also a significant part of the bilateral discussions and negotiations.  Lines of credit are also being utilised for promoting Defence exports.

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