Category Archives: Case Studies

Study on why is the brain disturbed by harsh sounds?

Why is the brain disturbed by harsh sounds

Summary:Neuroscientists have analyzed how people react when they listen to a range of different sounds, the aim being to establish the extent to which repetitive sound frequencies are considered unpleasant. Their results showed that the conventional sound-processing circuit is activated but that the cortical and sub-cortical areas involved in the processing… Read More

HIV prevention & treatment | Long-acting injectable multi-drug implant shows promise

Long-acting injectable multi-drug implant shows promise for HIV prevention and treatment

Summary:UNC researchers have created an injectable multi-drug delivery system that is removable, biodegradable and effective for up to a year in some cases. The author says the ability to administer multiple drugs with this implant is an important advancement in this research.

A new study published today in Nature Communications shows a promising alternative… Read More

Yale University study finds Atlantic Ocean may get a jump-start from the other side of the world

Atlantic Ocean

Summary:A key question for climate scientists in recent years has been whether the Atlantic Ocean’s main circulation system is slowing down, a development that could have dramatic consequences for Europe and other parts of the Atlantic rim. But a new study suggests help may be on the way from an unexpected source — the Indian Ocean.

A key question… Read More

Study | Are existing laws enough to cope with accelerating environmental change?

Are existing laws enough to cope

Summary:Do you think that major statutory reform is necessary address global environmental challenges? Think again. New research by a group of environmental law scholars explores the untapped capacity of existing environmental and natural resources management statutes to address accelerating environmental change in the absence of major legislative… Read More

Study finds that Americans would rather drive themselves than have an autonomous vehicle drive them

Study finds that Americans would rather drive themselves than have an autonomous vehicle drive them

Summary:Are you willing to ride in a driverless car? Researchers studied how Americans’ perceived cost of commute time changes depending on who’s driving.

Many Americans use a ride-hailing service — like Uber or Lyft — to get to and from work. It provides the privacy of riding in a personal car and the convenience of catching up on … Read More

Research finds that lack of sleep affects fat metabolism

Lack of sleep affects fat metabolismLack of sleep affects fat metabolism

Summary:A restricted-sleep schedule built to resemble an American work week made study participants feel less full after a fatty meal and altered their lipid metabolism. One night of recovery sleep helped, but didn’t completely erase the effects of sleep restriction.

We’re all a little short on sleep during the work week. A new study adds to … Read More

University of Bristol | Climate signature identified in rivers globally

Climate signature identified in rivers globally

Summary:For decades geoscientists have been trying to detect the influence of climate on the formation of rivers, but up to now there has been no systematic evidence. A new study discovers a clear climatic signature on rivers globally that challenges existing theories.

For decades geoscientists have been trying to detect the influence of climate on the formation… Read More

Good neighbors or teachers can save their longterm health for Kids facing trauma

For kids who face trauma, good neighbors or teachers can save their longterm health

Summary:New research shows just how important positive childhood experiences are for long-term health, especially for those who experience significant adversity as a child. Studies over the past 20 years have found a correlation between adverse childhood events (such as death or divorce) and worse health outcomes later in life. A new study discovers that… Read More

Human hearts are evolved for endurance

Human hearts evolved for endurance

Summary:Major physical changes occurred in the human heart as people shifted from hunting and foraging to farming and modern life. As a result, human hearts are now less ‘ape-like’ and better suited to endurance types of activity.

Major physical changes occurred in the human heart as people shifted from hunting and foraging to farming and modern… Read More

Many countries may have to increase carbon footprint, to address hunger issues

To address hunger, many countrie

Summary:Achieving an adequate, healthy diet in most low- and middle-income countries will require a substantial increase in greenhouse gas emissions and water use due to food production, according to new research.

Achieving an adequate, healthy diet in most low- and middle-income countries will require a substantial increase in greenhouse gas emissions… Read More

Study finds Differences in personality structure among Humans

Differences in personality structure among humans

Summary:How people behave in one situation often tells us how they will act in others. A shy introvert in one place, for example, isn’t likely to be the gregarious life of the party in another.

How people behave in one situation often tells us how they will act in others. A shy introvert in one place, for example, isn’t likely to be the gregarious life… Read More