Category Archives: Case Studies

Overuse injuries more common in kids who specialize in individual sport

Overuse injuries individual sport-indianbureaucracy

Summary:Young athletes who specialize in an individual sport – such as gymnastics, tennis and dance – were at higher risk for overuse injuries (i.e. gradual onset of pain and symptoms), compared to those who focus on a single team sport, according to a study. Acute injuries (i.e. from a single traumatic event) were more common in young athletes whose single… Read More

Surprising brain change appears to drive Alcohol Dependence

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Summary:We may be one step closer to personalized treatments for alcoholism and alcohol use disorder following results of a recent study, say researchers.

A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) could help researchers develop personalized treatments for alcoholism and alcohol use disorder.

The research reveals a key difference

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How training patients for surgery shortens hospital stays & saves money

How training patients for surgery shortens hospital stays and saves money-indianbureaucracy

Summary:Basic fitness and wellness coaching, administered in advance, could reduce a surgical patient’s average hospital stay two days, from seven down to five, according to a study.

Just as an athlete might work to build up stamina before a race, a person entering the hospital also can benefit from prepping the mind and body. Even minor adjustments… Read More

Low-income children miss out on language learning both at home & school

Low-income children missing out on language learning both at home and at school

Summary:Children from poor neighbourhoods are less likely to have complex language building opportunities both in home and at school, putting them at a disadvantage in their kindergarten year, finds a new study.

Children from poor neighborhoods are less likely to have complex language building opportunities both in home and at school, putting them at a … Read More

New diagnosed cases of type 1 & 2 diabetes on the rise among children, teens

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Summary:Rates of new diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are increasing among youth in the United States, according to a report.

Rates of new diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are increasing among youth in the United States, according to a report, Incidence Trends of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes among Youths, 2002-2012, published in the New EnglandRead More

Migration from sea-level rise could reshape cities inland

sea-level rise -indianbureaucracy

Summary:Researchers estimate that approximately 13.1 million people could be displaced by rising ocean waters, with Atlanta, Houston and Phoenix as top destinations for those forced to relocate.

When Hurricane Katrina struck Louisiana in 2005, cities inland saw an influx of evacuees escaping the storm and its aftermath. Now, a new University of Georgia… Read More

Supermassive black holes found in two tiny galaxies

two tiny galaxies -indianbureaucracy

Summary:Astronomers have found two ultra-compact dwarf galaxies with supermassive black holes, the second and third such galaxies found to harbor the objects. Together, the three examples suggest that black holes lurk at the center of most ultra-compact dwarfs, potentially doubling the number of supermassive black holes known in the universe. The tiny… Read More

Teaching happiness to men with HIV boosts their health

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Summary:When individuals recently diagnosed with HIV were coached to practice skills to help them experience positive emotions, the result was less HIV in their blood and lower antidepressant use, reports a new study. Men using positive emotion skills learned to cope with their stress, while men in the control group increased their use of anti-depressants.… Read More

Observations not so far apart on planet’s response to greenhouse gas emissions

Emission of Greenhouse Gases -IndianBureaucracy

Summary:Recent observations suggest less long-term warming, or climate sensitivity, than the predicted by climate models. But the mismatch is resolved by factoring in that Earth is still in the early stages of adjusting to greenhouse gases.

How hot our planet will become for a given amount of greenhouse gases is a key number in climate change. As the calculation… Read More

Glacier shape influences susceptibility to thinning

Glacier shape-IndianBureaucracy

Summary:Researchers have identified glaciers in West Greenland that are most susceptible to thinning in the coming decades by analyzing how they’re shaped. The research could help predict how much the Greenland Ice Sheet will contribute to future sea-level rise during the next century, a number that currently ranges from inches to feet.

Researchers… Read More

Retreating Yukon Glacier caused a river to disappear

Yukon glacier-IndianBureaucracy

Summary:A postmortem of the first known case of ‘river piracy’ in modern times outlines how a retreating glacier in the Yukon diverted water from one river to another, leading to many downstream effects.

The massive Kaskawulsh Glacier in northern Canada has retreated about a mile up its valley over the past century.

Last spring, its retreat triggered

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Salty diet makes you hungry, not thirsty

Salty diet -IndianBureaucracy

Summary:We’ve all heard it: eating salty foods makes you thirstier. But what sounds like good nutritional advice turns out to be an old-wives’ tale. In a study carried out during a simulated mission to Mars, an international group of scientists has found exactly the opposite to be true. ‘Cosmonauts’ who ate more salt retained more… Read More