Sex-Ratio in India

sex-ratio-in-india-indian-bureaucracy
sex-ratio-in-india-indian-bureaucracy

As per the Census, 2011 the child sex ratio has shown decline from 927 females per thousand males in 2001 to 918 females per thousand males in 2011. The State/UT-wise details are given below:

Child Sex Ratio as per Census (1971-2011)
S. No. States/UTs 2011
India  918
1 Jammu & Kashmir  862
2 Himachal Pradesh  909
3 Punjab  846
4 Chandigarh  880
5 Uttaranchal  890
6 Haryana  834
7 Delhi  871
8 Rajasthan  888
9 Uttar Pradesh  902
10 Bihar  935
11 Sikkim  957
12 Arunachal Pradesh  972
13 Nagaland  943
14 Manipur  936
15 Mizoram  970
16 Tripura  957
17 Meghalaya 970
18 Assam  962
19 West Bengal  956
20 Jharkhand  948
21 Orissa  941
22 Chhattisgarh  969
23 Madhya Pradesh  918
24 Gujarat  890
25 Daman & Diu  904
26 Dadra & Nagar Haveli  926
27 Maharashtra  894
28 Andhra Pradesh  939
29 Karnataka  948
30 Goa  942
31 Lakshadweep  911
32 Kerala  964
33 Tamil Nadu  943
34 Pondicherry  967
35 A & Nicobar Islands 968

 Source :     Census of India

The Government has enacted the Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994, for prohibition of sex selection before or after conception and for prevention of misuse of pre-conception and pre-natal diagnostic techniques for sex determination. The Act provides penalties and punishment for the violations of the provisions of the Act and Rules made thereunder. Main penalties are as follows:-

(i) for doctors/owner of clinics:

  • Up to 3 years of imprisonment with fine up to Rs. 10,000 for the first offence.
  • Up to 5 years of imprisonment with fine up to Rs. 50,000 for subsequent offence.
  • Suspension of registration with the Medical Council if charges are framed by the court and till the case is disposed of,  removal of the name for 5 years from the medical register in the case of first offence and permanent removal  in case of subsequent offence.

(ii) for husband/family member or any other person abetting sex selection:

  • Up to 3 years of imprisonment with a fine up to Rs. 50,000 for the first offence.
  • Up to 5 years of imprisonment with fine up to Rs. 1 lakh for subsequent offence.

(iii) for any advertisement regarding sex selection:

  • Up to 3 years of imprisonment and up to Rs. 10,000 fine.

As per information received from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), 45 cases of female foeticide have been reported in 2015 as compared to 50 cases reported in 2014, showing a declining of 10%.

As per information received from the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme has been launched by Prime Minister on 22 January, 2015 now covering 161 selected districts with low child sex ratio, to address the issue of declining child sex ratio and related issues of women empowerment over a life-cycle continuum. It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health and Family Welfare and Human Resource Development. This initiative of Government aims to address the issue of declining child sex ratio through a mass media campaign across the country and focused multi sectoral intervention in the identified districts.

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