Action Plan for Life Style Diseases

Life Style Diseases indian bureaucracy
Life Style Diseases indian bureaucracy

While health is a State subject, Government of India is implementing a comprehensive National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS). The objectives of NPCDCS, being implemented under National Health Mission (NHM) for interventions up to the district level includes awareness generation for Cancer prevention, screening, early detection and referral to an appropriate level institution for treatment.  The focus of the programme is on breast, cervical and oral cancer.

Operational guidelines have been released for prevention, control and screening of Diabetes, Hypertension and common Cancer (Cervix, Breast and Oral) to the States for implementation. The screening includes screening for risk factors of these diseases. Such screening will also generate awareness on risk factors of these diseases. Suspected cases are to be referred for confirmatory diagnosis by various tests including histo-pathological biopsy. Electronic and Print media is utilized for health awareness for cancer.

The Government of India is also implementing Tertiary Care for Cancer scheme in the country under which State Cancer Institutes (SCI) and Tertiary Care Cancer Centres (TCCC) are being set up in different parts of the country. The SCI and TCCC shall mentor all Cancer related activities including research, treatment & awareness generation inter alia. The list of institutes identified for assistance as SCI/TCCC under the said scheme is given below:

List of TCCC and SCI under Tertiary Care Centre (TCC) scheme of National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS)

 

 

Sl.

No.

States/UTs Tertiary Care Cancer Centre
(TCCC)
State Cancer Institute

 (SCI)

1 Andhra Pradesh ACSR Government Medical College, Nellore Government Medical College, Kurnool
2 Assam Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh Dr Bhubaneswar Barooah Cancer Institute  (RCC),  Guwahati
3 Arunachal Pradesh Government Hospital, Naharlagun NIL
4 Andaman & Nicobar District Hospital Port Blair, A&N Islands NIL
5 Bihar 1. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical college,
Bhagalpur

2. Dharbhanga Medical College,
Dharbhanga

Indira  Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (RCC), Patna
6 Chhattisgarh Central Hospital, SECL, Manendragarh, District Koriya Chhattisgarh Institute of Medical Sciences,  Bilaspur
7 Delhi Lok Nayak Hospital (Maulana Azad Medical College) NIL
8 Gujarat 1. Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Medical
College,  Rajkot

2.  Government Medical College and SSG  Hospital, Vadodara

Gujarat Cancer Research Institute (RCC), Ahmedabad
9 Goa Goa Medical College, Panaji, Goa. NIL
10 Haryana 1.    Civil Hospital, Ambala

2.    District Hospital Narnaul, District
Mahendragarh

NIL
11 Himachal Pradesh 1. Indira Gandhi Medical College (RCC)
Shimla

2.  Regional Hospital, Mandi

NIL
12 Jammu & Kashmir 1.   District Hospital, Kupwara

2.   District Hospital, Kishtwar

3.   District Hospital, Udhampur

1.   Government Medical College (RCC)
Jammu

2.   Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical
Sciences (RCC), Srinagar

13 Jharkhand Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College , Jamshedpur Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences , Ranchi
14 Karnataka 1.   Govt. Medical College, Mandya

2.   Govt. Medical College, Gulbarga

Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology(RCC), Bangaluru
15 Kerala Govt. Medical College, Kozhikode Regional Cancer Centre, Trivandrum
16 Madhya Pradesh 1. G.R.Medical College, Gwalior

2. District Hospital, Vidisha

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur
17 Maharashtra 1.   RST Regional Cancer Hospital &
Research Centre, Nagpur

2.    District Hospital , Karad

Government Medical College, Aurangabad
18 Manipur Regional Institute Of Medical

Sciences (RIMS) , Imphal

NIL
19 Meghalaya North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences (NEIGRIMS), Shilong NIL
20 Nagaland District Hospital, Kohima NIL
21 Mizoram Civil Hospital Aizawl NIL
22 Odisha 1.    Burla Medical College (Dist.
Sambalpur)

2.    M.K.C.G. Medical College Hospital,   Berhampur
3.   District Hospital, Bhawanipatna,
District Kalahandi

Regional Cancer Centre, Cuttack
23 Punjab 1.     District Hospital, Hoshiarpur

2.     District Hospital, Fazilka

Government Medical College,
Amritsar
24 Rajasthan 1. S. P. Medical College, Bikaner

2. Govt. Medical College/District Hospital,     Jhalawar

SMS Medical Sciences, Jaipur
25 Sikkim District Hospital, Sikkim NIL
26 Tamil Nadu KAP Vishwanathan Govt Medical College Trichirapalli Cancer Institute (RCC) Adyar, Chennai
27 Telangana NIL M.N.J.Institute of Oncology (RCC), Hyderabad
28 Tripura NIL Cancer Hospital(RCC), Agartala
29 Uttar Pradesh 1.   Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Medical
Sciences, Lucknow

2.   Jawaharlal Nehru Medical
College, AMU, Aligarh

3.  Institute of Medical Sciences  (BHU)
Varanasi

4.  Govt.  Medical College, Jhansi

5.  District Hospital/Govt. Medical
College, Muradabad

6.  District Hospital Amethi

7.  District Hospital, Unnao

Kamla Nehru Memorial Hospital (RCC), Allahabad
30 Uttarakhand Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun Government Medical College, Haldwani
31 West Bengal 1.  Govt. Medical College, Burdwan

2.  Murshidabad Medical College &
Hospitals, Murshidabad

3. Sagore Dutta Memorial Medical
College and Hospital, Kolkata

NIL
Total 50 20

AIDS is a communicable disease and not a life style disease, which spreads through a virus (HIV) in certain body fluids that attack the body’s immune system. If left untreated, the virus may severely reduce the immune capacity of infected person and ultimately impede the capacity of body to fight infections and some other disease. The stage of disease when body’s immune system is severely impacted and it gets susceptible to all infections is called AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) is currently implementing the fourth phase of National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) and aims to accelerate the process of reversal and further strengthen the epidemic response in India through a cautious and well defined integration process.

Hepatitis B vaccination is included under the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) of the Government of India. Screening of blood reduces the risk of transmission of Hepatitis B and C by blood transfusion. Therefore, blood banks mandatorily screen for Hepatitis B and C as per Drugs & Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules thereunder.

A National Programme on Surveillance of Viral Hepatitis under the 12th Five Year Plan has been launched by the Government. National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Delhi has been entrusted the responsibility for coordinating various activities under this programme.

NCDC also provides technical guidance to State Governments, laboratory support for outbreak investigations and etiological diagnosis besides conducting regular training courses for development of trained manpower. Funds are released to States/UTs under Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) to strengthen surveillance and to detect and respond to outbreaks of epidemic-prone diseases.

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