Representation in Panchayats

Ministry of Panchayati Raj
Ministry of Panchayati Raj

PIB News Update: Union Minister of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj Shri Narendra Singh Tomar has informed that Panchayat’, being “Local government”, is a State subject and part of State list of Seventh Schedule of Constitution of India. Clause (3) of Article 243D of the Constitution ensures participation of women in Panchayati Raj Institutions by mandating not less than one- third reservation for women out of total number of seats to be filled by direct election and number of offices of chairpersons of Panchayats. As per the information available with the Ministry, 20 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttarakhand and West Bengal have made provisions of 50% reservation for women in Panchayati Raj Institutions in their respective State Panchayati Raj Acts. A statement showing the number of elected women representatives in Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in the country, State/Union Territory-wise is given at Annexure.


Further, in terms of clause (4) of Article 243D of the Constitution, the offices of the Chairpersons in the Panchayats at the village or any other level shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and women in such manner as the Legislature of a State may, by law, provide, provided that the number of offices of Chairpersons reserved for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in the Panchayats at each level in any State shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of such offices in the Panchayats at each level as the population of the Scheduled Castes in the State or of the Scheduled Tribes in the State bears to the total population of the State, provided further that not less than one-third of the total number of offices of Chairpersons in the Panchayats at each level shall be reserved for women.

However, specific details of representatives of Panchayati Raj Institutions, such as ‘the total number of women who hold the position of Sarpanch in the country’, ‘the total number of Sarpanch posts which are occupied by a member from Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe’, ‘the total number of Scheduled Caste members on non-reserved seats in Gram Panchayats’, ‘the number of Gram Panchayats where more than one-third Panchayat council leaders are women’ etc., are not maintained by the Central Government.


Number of Elected Women Representatives (EWRs) in Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in the country, State/Union Territory-wise

State / UTs Total PRI Representatives Total EWRs
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 858 306
Andhra Pradesh 156050 78,025
Arunachal Pradesh 9383 3,658
Assam 26754 14,609
Bihar 136573 71,046
Chhattisgarh 170465 93,392
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 147 47
Daman & Diu 192 92
Goa 1555 571
Gujarat 144080 71,988
Haryana 70035 29,499
Himachal Pradesh 28723 14,398
Jammu & Kashmir 39850 13,224
Jharkhand 59638 30,757
Karnataka 101954 51,030
Kerala 18372 9,630
Ladakh NA NA
Lakshadweep 110 41
Madhya Pradesh 392981 196490
Maharashtra 240635 128677
Manipur 1736 880
Odisha 107487 56,627
Puducherry NA NA
Punjab 100312 41,922
Rajasthan 126271 64,802
Sikkim 1153 580
Tamil Nadu 106450 56,407
Telangana 103468 52,096
Tripura 6646 3,006
Uttar Pradesh 913417 304538
Uttarakhand 62796 35,177
West Bengal 59229 30,458
Total 3187320 1453973

NA- Not Available

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