MSME Schemes for SCs/STs Entrepreneurs

Defence Production by MSME indian bureaucracy
Defence Production by MSME indian bureaucracy

A Number of schemes for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) is implemented by the Ministry of MSME including

1.      National Manufacturing Competitiveness Programme (NMCP),

2.      Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP),

3.      schemes for Khadi & Village Industries and Coir, International Cooperation Scheme,

4.      Performance and Credit Rating Scheme (PCRS), Marketing Assistance and Technology Upgradation (MATU) schemes,

5.      Scheme for ‘Credit Guarantee Fund for Micro and Small Enterprises etc.

Benefits under these schemes are available to all eligible MSMEs including those belonging to SC and ST communities. Hon’ble Prime Minister launched National SC/ST Hub under this Ministry on 18.10.2016 to provide professional support to Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe entrepreneurs to fulfill the obligation under the Central Government Public Procurement Policy for Micro and Small Enterprises Order 2012, adopt applicable business practices and leverage the Stand Up India initiatives. Estimated budget for the SC/ST Hub Scheme for the period 2016-20 is Rs. 490 crore. A special marketing assistance scheme, subsidy for Single Point Registration Scheme, subsidy for performance and credit rating scheme are being implemented under SC/ST Hub. A special credit linked capital subsidy scheme for new as well as existing SC/ST MSMEs in manufacturing activity has also been approved for implementation under SC/ST Hub.

            In addition to the schemes implemented by this Ministry, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is  also implementing schemes for SC entrepreneurs including  the Credit Enhancement Guarantee Scheme for Scheduled Castes(CEGSSC)  and Venture Capital Fund scheme for micro, small and medium entrepreneurs.  Ministry of Tribal Affairs is also implementing schemes for self-employment of Scheduled Tribes including term loan scheme and micro credit scheme for self help groups.

As per the 6th Economic Census, 2013, conducted by Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation (MOS&PI), there are 5.85 crore establishments by type of ownership out of which 5.23 crore establishments are  private proprietary establishments. The private proprietary establishments owned  by  SCs and STs are 59.72 lakh ( Agriculture establishment 15.62 lakh  + Non Agriculture Establishment 44.10 lakh by SCs) and 28.13 lakh (Agriculture establishment 11.01 lakh  + Non Agriculture Establishment 17.12 lakh by STs) respectively.   This data includes micro, small, medium and large establishments. The number of large establishments is relatively small.

As per data available with Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation (MOS&PI), Government of India, the  Gross Value Added (GVA) of the MSME and share of MSME sector in country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at constant price are given below.:

 Figures in Rs. Lakh crores Adjusted for Financial Intermediation Services Directly Measured(FISIM) at constant Price (Base Year 2011-12)

Year

MSME GVA

Total GVA

Total GDP

Share of MSME GVA (%)

 in GVA

  in GDP

2011-12

26.18

81.07

87.36

32.29

29.97

2012-13

28.05

85.47

92.27

32.82

30.40

2013-14

30.15

90.84

98.39

33.19

30.64

2014-15

32.43

97.27

105.52

33.34

30.74

However, the CSO does not compile estimates (GVA/GVO) of MSME Sector based on definition of MSME sector.  An approximation based on the results of Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) and other surveys on unorganised sector has been made to arrive at the above contribution.

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