IndianBureaucracy.com Greets all people of Jharkhand on its Formation Day today | Jharkhand meaning “The land of forests”) is a state in eastern India. The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, UP to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south and West Bengal to the east. With an area of 79,710 km2 (30,778 sq mi), it is the 15th largest state by area, and the 14th largest by population.
Hindi is the official language of the state, city of Ranchi is its capital . The state is known for its waterfalls, hills and holy places; Baidyanath Dham, Parasnath and Rajrappa are major religious sites.
The state formed in 2000, from the territory that had previously been part of Bihar. It accounts for more than 40% of the mineral resources of India,but 39.1% of its population is below the poverty line and 19.6% of children under five years of age are malnourished.The state is primarily rural, with only 24% of the population living in cities. Jharkhand is among the leading states in economic growth. In 2017–18, the GSDP growth rate of state was at 10.22%.
The dynamics of resources and the politics of development still influence the socio-economic structures in Jharkhand, which was carved out of the relatively underdeveloped southern part of Bihar. According to the 1991 census, the state has a population of over 20 million out of which 28% is tribal while 12% of the people belong to scheduled castes. Jharkhand has 24 districts, 260 blocks, and 32,620 villages out of which only 45% have access to electricity while only 8,484 are connected by roads.
Jharkhand is the leading producer of mineral wealth in the country after Chhattisgarh , endowed as it is with a vast variety of minerals like iron ore, coal, copper ore, mica, bauxite, graphite, limestone, and uranium. Jharkhand is also known for its vast forest resources.